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Online Discussion: Tracking new emerging diseases and the next pandemic

Zimbabwe, Africa: Typhoid

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    Posted: August 12 2018 at 7:23am

Five killed, 350 hospitalized as typhoid outbreak spreads in Zimbabwe
by Oscar Nkala
Five people have died while 350 others have tested positive for typhoid in Gweru, the third largest city in Zimbabwe.
Salmonella serotype Typhi
Typhoid image/CDC

Health and Child Care Minister Dr David Parirenyatwa said residents who contracted the water-borne disease are being treated at various clinics across the city.

The disease was initially thought to be confined to four villages of the city oldest, largest and most-run down high density suburb of Mkoba. However, Dr Parirenyatwa said it has spread to all parts of the city since detection on July 23.

Preliminary investigations suggest the outbreak was caused by the widespread consumption of contaminated water from council taps and boreholes.

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“It is clear that tap and borehole water in Gweru is not safe for drinking. We have patients who fell sick after drinking water from taps and borehole. I am therefore overriding any other statement that has been issued before to declare that water in Gweru is unsafe for human consumption.

“From now on, the government will provide water treatment pills and the municipal authorities should immediately use bowsers to provide residents with clean drinking water,” Dr Parirenyatwa said.

According to the minister, some patients exhibited signs and symptoms that are inconsistent with typhoid. This could indicate the presence of some harmful chemicals in piped and underground water for domestic consumption.

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Source:   http://outbreaknewstoday.com/five-killed-350-hospitalized-typhoid-outbreak-spreads-zimbabwe-85682/
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Typhoid outbreak spreads to two other cities in Zimbabwe

September 4, 2018

The Zimbabwean government says the typhoid outbreak in the Midlands city of Gweru has spread to two neighbouring cities and triggered a surge in new cases.
Salmonella serotype Typhi
Typhoid image/CDC

At least 10 people have died and 1,500 others have been infected since the outbreak hit Gweru early last month. Five new cases were this week confirmed – with 3 in Masvingo in the south and 2 in the north-central city of Kadoma.

Masvingo Provincial Medical Director Dr Amadeus Shamu said doctors were yet to make a full assessment of the cases, who generally presented with symptoms of high fever, painful joints and vomiting or diarrhoea.

Deputy Director of Epidemiology and Disease Control in the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare Dr Isaac Phiri said preliminary epidemiological investigations have traced the new typhoid cases in Masvingo and Kadoma back to Gweru.

“All new cases detected in Kadoma and in Masvingo emanated from the outbreak in Gweru. The 11-year-old from Masvingo province was staying in Gweru and returned home and then fell sick.

“The two cases in Kadoma resulted from a funeral that was attended by people who came from Gweru. People are mobile, and the disease spreads that way,” he said.

A nationwide alert for typhoid has been declared, with all public health facilities on high alert to expedite the screening of patients who present with high fever, among other symptoms.

Meanwhile, the public has been advised to minimize the risk of infection by eating warm or hot food. The advisory said Zimbabweans should maintain high standards of hygiene, including washing hands before eating and after using the toilet. They were also advised to avoid drinking water from unprotected sources.

Source:   http://outbreaknewstoday.com/typhoid-outbreak-spreads-two-cities-zimbabwe-50663/
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