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Now tracking the new emerging South Africa Omicron Variant

Insects and pandemics

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Dutch Josh View Drop Down
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Joined: May 01 2013
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    Posted: August 12 2022 at 10:56pm

DJ;

[url]https://www.coronaheadsup.com/health/monkeypox/research-monkeypox-spread-by-flies/[/url] or https://www.coronaheadsup.com/health/monkeypox/research-monkeypox-spread-by-flies/ ;

“We identify the circulation of at least two distinct monkeypox virus lineages and document the shedding of infectious particles in faeces and flies, suggesting that they could mediate indirect transmission”.

“To explore alternative pathways for indirect MPXV transmission, we also trapped flies during two outbreaks. In the outbreak in the north community, MPXV DNA was detected in maggots present on the corpse, in 1 out of 8 flies collected around it, and in all 12 swabs taken from leaves where flies had regurgitated/defaecated in proximity of the carcass.”

Nature article: Monkeypox virus emergence in wild chimpanzees reveals distinct clinical outcomes and viral diversity

and [url]https://www.coronaheadsup.com/coronavirus/house-flies-can-carry-sars-cov-2-coronavirus-up-to-24-hours-after-exposure/[/url] or https://www.coronaheadsup.com/coronavirus/house-flies-can-carry-sars-cov-2-coronavirus-up-to-24-hours-after-exposure/ ; (april 28-2021 article)

“All flies exposed to SARS-CoV-2-spiked media or milk substrates were positive for viral RNA at 4hr and 24hr post-exposure. Infectious virus was isolated only from the flies exposed to virus-spiked milk but not from those exposed to virus-spiked medium. Moreover, viral RNA was detected in environmental samples after contact with SARS-CoV-2 exposed flies, although no infectious virus was recovered from these samples.”

Preprint: Mechanical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 by house flies

DJ...[url]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plague_(disease)#Cause[/url] or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plague_(disease)#Cause ;

Transmission of Y. pestis to an uninfected individual is possible by any of the following means:[18]

  • droplet contact – coughing or sneezing on another person
  • direct physical contact – touching an infected person, including sexual contact
  • indirect contact – usually by touching soil contamination or a contaminated surface
  • airborne transmission – if the microorganism can remain in the air for long periods
  • fecal-oral transmission – usually from contaminated food or water sources
  • vector borne transmission – carried by insects or other animals.

Yersinia pestis circulates in animal reservoirs, particularly in rodents, in the natural foci of infection found on all continents except Australia. The natural foci of plague are situated in a broad belt in the tropical and sub-tropical latitudes and the warmer parts of the temperate latitudes around the globe, between the parallels 55 degrees North and 40 degrees South.[18] Contrary to popular belief, rats did not directly start the spread of the bubonic plague. It is mainly a disease in the fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) that infested the rats, making the rats themselves the first victims of the plague. Rodent-borne infection in a human occurs when a person is bitten by a flea that has been infected by biting a rodent that itself has been infected by the bite of a flea carrying the disease. The bacteria multiply inside the flea, sticking together to form a plug that blocks its stomach and causes it to starve. The flea then bites a host and continues to feed, even though it cannot quell its hunger, and consequently, the flea vomits blood tainted with the bacteria back into the bite wound. The bubonic plague bacterium then infects a new person and the flea eventually dies from starvation. Serious outbreaks of plague are usually started by other disease outbreaks in rodents or a rise in the rodent population.[19]

A 21st century study of a 1665 outbreak of plague in the village of Eyam in England's Derbyshire Dales—which isolated itself during the outbreak, facilitating modern study—found that three-quarters of cases are likely to have been due to human-to-human transmission, especially within families, a much bigger proportion than previously thought.[20]

What role do insects (and which insects ?) play in spreading diseases ? [url]https://www.cmete.com/index.php?tg=articles&idx=Print&topics=101&article=68[/url] or https://www.cmete.com/index.php?tg=articles&idx=Print&topics=101&article=68 names a lot of insects transporting a lot of diseases...

In the past-most at the start of HIV/AIDS-mosquitos were "blamed" for a part of the spread. [url]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_virus_outbreak_timeline[/url] or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_virus_outbreak_timeline the Zika-virus-disease is a [url]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito-borne_disease[/url] or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito-borne_disease 

DJ-Could SARS have a link with insects spreading diseases/virusses from bats to other species ? What role did insects play around mink-farms with a CoViD outbreak ? 

[url]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Q_fever[/url] or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Q_fever ;Rarely, the disease is tick-borne.[5]

DJ Is [url]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyme_disease[/url] or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyme_disease another pandemic ???? [url]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyme_disease#Epidemiology[/url] or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyme_disease#Epidemiology ;Lyme disease occurs regularly in Northern Hemisphere temperate regions.[200] There is evidence that tick populations and Lyme disease occurrence are increasing and spreading into new areas, due in part to the warming temperatures of climate change.[156][201]

and [url]https://www.nrdc.org/stories/lyme-epidemic-worse-ever[/url] or https://www.nrdc.org/stories/lyme-epidemic-worse-ever 

I think more study on the role of insects in spreading diseases-also SARS-2, MPX, may be "urgent"....

We have a lot of chronic Q-fever cases in NL...what if they get CoViD-19, MPX on top of it ???? 

A lot of science may be in a tunnelvision...looking at one disease in a healthy person...It is the mix of diseases that may become a massive killer !


We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them.
~Albert Einstein
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